O'Connor, Brendan

Unit 1: Fall of Rome

The Roman Empire held Europe together like glue.  They were technologically advanced as they had developed indoor plumbing, sewage systems, concrete, paved roads, used water power to operate machines, were clean to prevent diseases and had a strong body of government and law to protect the people.  Unfortunately, greed, overspending, and poor leadership caused the great empire to collapse leading Europe into the dark ages, yet part of the Roman Empire would live on for another 1000 years as the Byzantine Empire.

Unit 3: Renaissance

Modern day Italy was the birthplace of the Roman Empire, and it would be the place of Europe’s “re-birth.”  The Italian city-states became wealthy through trade in Europe, Asia, and Africa and reinvested their money in the local population.  Schools became more popular and people took a greater interest in the “classics” or the lifestyles of the Roman and Greek Empires before them.  They too wanted the same luxuries of the past civilizations.  Breakthroughs in science and art propelled Europe into the modern age, but it was not without struggles.  Many people in Europe did not like change, especially the well established church.  Soon an explosion of different Christian ideals swept Europe fracturing Christianity into many denominations that we have today and many of these people would seek a new life in a recently discovered continent which would receive the name America. Unit 5: Colonization

While the Spanish and Portuguese conquered central and South America for gold, the English, French, and Dutch were staking out territory in North America.  These people came to escape religious persecution, to make money, to flee the law, to start over, and even for the adventure as they struggled to start a European type civilization in an un-European type world. However for many living in the 13 Colonies, too much space between them and their home country would lead to cultural and governmental differences.

Unit 7: The Constitution The 13 colonies have secured their freedom from England, so now what?! The patriots of the American Revolution get together and create a plan that will shape our country for the future to come. Unfortunate is would not be easy as people's egos and different ideas clashed, and the final constitution would be quickly put to the test. Unit 9: Civil War
Since the inception of the Constitution it's framework and wisdom would be challenged between those who wanted a strong federal government and those that pushed for state's rights. As the country expanded westward new moral questions about slavery crept into the mix. This irreconcilable difference between slavery and the right of states and morality would lead this country into an awful war.


Unit 2: Middle Ages

When Rome fell, the people of Europe had to defend themselves from roving bands of barbarians and Vikings.  They lived in the shadow of the great Roman Empire, but lost the knowledge to reproduce their great inventions.  Huddling together for protection from fear, people lived in small villages, and dared not stray from their homes. They were united by language, and then by religion at the hands of Clovis, a mighty French General.  However the people of Europe would be plagued with diseases, war, raids, and superstitions for a thousand years before emerging from the darkness of the Middle Ages.

Unit 4: Exploration and Conquest

With the fall of Constantinople in the east to the Ottoman Turks, Western European countries were at a loss for acquiring goods from India and China. The only solution in their minds was to find a new trade route to bypass the Italian and now Turkish monopoly on the trade. This lead to radical ideas of travel including circumnavigating Africa and even the world. What they would discover was that the world was much larger than what they thought.

Unit 6: American Revolution The 13 Colonies had been well established as a location for raw materials for England, but over 100 years later the English living in the colonies still didn't have a say in the Parliament.  And when England decided to tax the colonies this became too much for many citizens to bear and they demanded their independence from the throne of England.  However, England was not about to let one of their colonies go without a fight.


Unit 8: The New Nation
With England no longer holding back the ambitions of the Americans they continued to explore what a fledgling democracy could do.  In fact many people from around the world began immigrating to the United States of America to experience a democracy.  The promises of freedom and land of their own excited many and this lead to exploration of the uncharted wilderness, and the ever push of people traveling westward to find land to call their own.  However this land didn't belong to Americans and this would cause problems with not only European countries, but with people who have called this territory their homeland for a very long time.
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